Measurement & Scales

To operationalize respect, we created several measurement instruments to capture different aspects of respects.


Scale: „Respect for the leader“:
Subordinates’ vertical respect (cf. appraisal respect) for their leaders can be argued to be considerably represented in their openness to their leaders’ influence. The developed respect for leaders scale thus encompasses to what degree subordinates willingly and gladly subordinate to their leaders‘ influence.

Scale: „Respectful Leadership“:
The scale captures the degree to which subordinates perceive that their leaders treat them horizontally respectfully (cf. recognition respect). The instrument was derived by surveys. It focuses on behaviors and attributes of leaders which German subordinates homogenously rated as particular important in order that they feel respected by their leaders. The scale was developed based on a content analysis of respectful leadership behavior examples.

SusanMeasurement & Scales